C.G. Jung carving the square stone at Bollingen.

C.G. Jung carving the square stone at Bollingen.

Carl Gustav Jung

C.G., as he was called, was born on Monday, July 26, 1875, at 7:27 p.m. SZOT* in Kesswil, on Lake Constance, in the canton of Thurgau, in Switzerland.

His father, Johann Paul Achilles Jung {1842-1896}, was born to Carl Gustav Jung I {rumored to be “a son of Goethe’s, born out of wedlock”} and Sophie Frey, daughter of the mayor of Basel. Paul, as Jung’s father was called, “studied Oriental languages, wrote a dissertation on an Arabic version of the Song of Songs, and was ordained a minister.” When Jung was four years old, his father was assigned to the parish of Klein-Hüningen, near Basel, where he “filled the pulpit until his death.” He also served as pastor at Friedmatt, the insane asylum of Basel.

His mother, Emilie Preiswerk Jung {1848-1923}, was of a family from Basel. Her father, a pastor, once taught Hebrew language and literature. He was editor of the journal Das Morgenland in which he called for “a restoration of Palestine to the Jews,” and thus was considered “a forerunner of the Zionists.” Emilie had “second sight. She always took a lively interest in curious or ‘occult’ occurrences, and later on she played an active role in the spiritualistic experiments Jung conducted as a student.”

He was the fourth-born but first-surviving child of Paul and Emilie, who were each the thirteenth child of well-known parents. He was given the modern spelling of his name, Karl, but changed it when he was a university student.

His sister, Gertrud {1884-1935}, his only sibling, was born when he was nine years old.

* Liz Greene, The Astrological World of Jung’s Liber Novus: Daimons, Gods, & the Planetary Journey, p. 164

Timeline of Jung's Life & Work

Born in Kesswil, Switzerland

Medical training at the University of Basel

Death of his father

Begins psychiatric residency at the Cantonal Psychiatric University Hospital & Clinic of Zürich {the Burghölzli Mental Hospital at the University of Zürich} under the direction of Professor Eugen Bleuler {1857-1939}

Semester with Pierre Janet in Paris for the study of theoretical psychopathology

Doctoral dissertation, “On the Psychology & Pathology of So-Called Occult Phenomena,” is published

Marriage to Emma Rauschenbach {1882-1955}

Experimental researches on word associations

Birth of his first child, Agathe Regina Niehus-Jung {d. 1998};
Meets Sabina Spielrein {1885-1942}

Occupied the post of senior staff physician and lecturer at the the University of Zürich

Begins correspondence with Sigmund Freud {1856-1939};
Birth of his second child, Anna Margaretha {Gret} Baumann-Jung {d. 1995}

Meets Sigmund Freud in Vienna

Birth of his third child, Franz Karl Jung-Merker {d. 1996}

Moves to Küsnacht, near Zürich, and devotes himself to private practice;
First trip to the United States, accompanied by Freud, at the invitation of Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts;
Receives honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Clark University

Becomes first president of the International Psychoanalytic Association;
Birth of his fourth child, Marianne Niehus-Jung {d. 1965};
Meets Toni Anna Wolff {1888-1953}

Returns to the United States to give a series of lectures at Fordham University in New York where he is granted an honorary doctorate recognizing his research on word association

Correspondence with Freud ceases;
Designates his psychology Analytical Psychology;
Edith Rockefeller McCormick {1872-1932} arrives in Zürich for analysis with Jung;
In the Fall, begins work on a series of Black Books which would later become the Red Book

Resigns as president of the International Psychoanalytic Association;
Birth of his fifth child, Helene Hoerni-Jung {d. 2014}

Founding of the Psychology Club Zürich;
First mandala painting, description of active imagination, and use of the terms personal unconscious, collective unconscious, individuation, animus/anima, persona;
Begins the study of Gnostic writings

Commandant of camp for interned British soldiers at Château d’Oex;
First use of the term archetype in “Instinct & the Unconscious”

Trip to North Africa {Algeria and Tunisia}

Death of his mother;
Begins building the tower in Bollingen on the shore of the Obersee basin of Lake Zürich

Trip to the United States where he visits Chicago, New Mexico, Arizona, New Orleans, New York, and Washington, D.C.

Expedition to East Africa {Kenya, Uganda, and the Nile}

First reference to the idea of synchronicity published in “Dream Analysis”;
Receives a copy of The Secret of the Golden Flower from Richard Wilhelm {1873-1930};
Begins the study of alchemy

First explicit use of the term synchronicity

Ceases work on the Red Book;
Meets Wolfgang Pauli {1900-1958}

First lectures at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule {ETH} Zürich;
First Eranos lecture: “A Study in the Process of Individuation”;
Meets Marie-Louise von Franz {1915-1998};
Cruise to Egypt and Palestine

Appointed titular professor at the ETH Zürich;
Tavistock Lectures at the Institute of Medical Psychology, London: “Analytical Psychology: Its Theory & Practice”

Trip to the United States, accompanied by Emma, to lecture at Harvard University’s Tercentenary Conference of Arts and Sciences and receives an honorary Doctorate of Science; visit to Bailey Island, Maine

Trip to the United States, accompanied by Emma, to deliver the Dwight Harrington Terry Lectures at Yale University: “Psychology and Religion”

Visit to India where he is bestowed honorary doctoral degrees from the University of Calcutta, the Islamic University of Allahabad, and the Hindu University of Benares;
Receives honorary Doctor of Sciences from Oxford University;
Appointed Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, London

Resigns appointment as professor at the ETH Zürich

First heart attack

Inauguration of the C.G. Jung Institute Zürich

Carves the square stone at his retreat in Bollingen

First full-scale work on the subject of synchronicity: Eranos lecture, “On Synchronicity”

Second heart attack

Publication of the first volume of the American/British edition of the Collected Works of C.G. Jung;
Death of Toni Wolff

Receives honorary Doctorate in Natural Sciences from the ETH Zürich;
Death of his wife Emma

Begins work with Aniela Jaffé on his autobiography, Memories, Dreams, Reflections;
BBC television interview with John Freeman

Finishes his last work 10 days before his death: “Approaching the Unconscious”;
Dies on June 6 at his home in Küsnacht


Jung was an accomplished artist and stonemason.

His wife, Emma, was on the board of directors of the C.G. Jung Institute, gave lectures, conducted seminars, and worked as a training analyst.

His paternal grandfather, Carl Gustav Jung I, was a Grand Master of the Swiss Lodge of Freemasons.

Above the door of his home in Küsnacht he had the following motto carved: Vocatus Atque Non Vocatus Deus Aderit {“Called or not called, God will be present”}. These words also appear on the Jung family gravestone.

Jung understood Arabic and spoke Swahili.

During his visit to India he contracted amoebic dysentery and spent two weeks in the hospital.

He and Emma were married for 52 years. They had 19 grandchildren.

Quotes and information from C.G. Jung: Word & Image edited by Aniela Jaffé
Additional information from Jung: A Biography by Deirdre Bair